The Mars helicopter Ingenuity has made its third flight of the yr, which additionally marks its fortieth flight because it landed within the Jezero crater together with the Perseverance rover in February 2021. Regardless of being initially meant for simply 5 flights and having to climate the Martian winter, the little helicopter continues to be going robust because it comes as much as its second anniversary on the crimson planet.
On the helicopter’s fortieth flight, it traveled from an space named Airfield Z to Airfield Beta, on its method to be a part of the Perseverance rover because it explores the Jezero river delta. It can assist scout forward for the rover, figuring out protected routes for the rover to drive because it searches for proof of historical life that would have existed when water was current on the planet’s floor billions of years in the past.
Ingenuity sits on a barely inclined floor with a few 6-degree tilt on the heart of the body, simply north of the southern ridge of “Séíitah” geologic unit. The Perseverance rover’s Mastcam-Z instrument took this picture on Dec. 1, 2021, when the rotorcraft was about 970 ft (295 meters) away. NASA/JPL-Caltech/ASU/MSSS
The small print of every Ingenuity flight are recorded within the Flight Log, which exhibits how far the flight was by way of horizontal distance coated, plus the utmost altitude and most groundspeed that the helicopter achieved, in addition to the flight length and route.
For Flight 40, Ingenuity traveled 584 ft (178 meters) and gained an altitude of 33 ft (10 meters), getting as much as a velocity of three.2 meters per second and staying within the air for simply over 90 seconds.
Whereas Ingenuity is within the air, it takes photographs not solely with its 13-megapixel coloration digital camera but in addition with its 0.5-megapixel black-and-white navigation digital camera. The navigation digital camera factors downward towards the floor and is utilized by the helicopter’s onboard pc to find out its place and altitude. On a typical flight, the helicopter will take a number of coloration pictures however many extra black and white pictures as these are wanted for it to fly appropriately.
The entire pictures Ingenuity takes are made publicly accessible, together with the navigation pictures. So for those who ever wished to see what Mars appears to be like like from the attitude of a helicopter, you’ll be able to browse the gallery right here. The gallery for the latest flight is right here, with 10 black and white and two coloration pictures accessible.

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